How to Get an ITIN Number This Year: The Updated Guide

These figures are then used to determine potential state-backed financial benefits, including pension, disability income, and health insurance. An ITIN works in place of an SNN, and allows foreign nationals, either lawful or unlawful, to comply with US tax laws. Any foreign national living, working, and filing tax returns in the US needs an ITIN.

  • You may be able to request a certified copy of documents at an embassy or consulate.
  • Let’s say you’re working and earning money in the United States, but you don’t qualify for a Social Security Number (SSN).
  • That’s why we really try to emphasize to people, yes, you can do this application on your own.
  • Many financial institutions will also accept other forms of identification — such a passport, military ID, or national identification card — to open a bank account.
  • Any foreign national living, working, and filing tax returns in the US needs an ITIN.

Having an ITIN will make many aspects of financial life easier for new immigrants to the U.S. We’ll explain what an ITIN is, if you can get an ITIN without a tax return, how to apply for an ITIN without an SSN, and how long it takes to receive an ITIN. ITIN holders must verify their identity through the video chat process and will need a valid email address, proof of ITIN, one primary document and one secondary document. At Expat CPA, we specialize in helping non-residents, US citizens and expats remain compliant with the latest IRS tax codes. In addition to dedicated support for W-7 form instruction, we can also help you determine your expat eligibility for Social Security and other federal benefits. Low Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) are independent from the IRS and TAS.

Whom should I contact if I do not receive the documents within the allotted period? (updated September 10,

At a minimum, you should complete Form W-7 when you are ready to file your federal income tax return by the return’s prescribed due date. If the tax return you attach to Form W-7 is filed after the return’s due date, you may owe interest and/or penalties. The second documentation requirement is supporting documentation that’s traditionally satisfied with an income tax return form. A certified document is one that the original issuing agency provides and certifies as an exact copy of the original document and contains an official stamped seal from the Agency.

ITINs do not serve any purpose other than federal tax reporting. You can file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), with your federal income tax return. You must also include original documentation or certified copies from the issuing agency to prove identity and foreign status. Original documents will be returned to the address on record after processing your application. The IRS is currently processing Form W-7s within 11 weeks after receipt. We are taking every action to minimize delays, and we are processing requests in the order they were received.

Make sure you work with a CAA (Certified Acceptance Agent), which you can find listed on the IRS website. You might sometimes hear ITINs referred to as ITIN numbers. But that’s technically incorrect, because the N in ITIN already stands for number. Check for pre-approval offers with no risk to your credit score. Read on to find out how to get an ITIN number, what the purpose of an ITIN number is, and if you’re required to get one. Below are some questions that people often ask about how to renew an ITIN if it has expired.

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If, first of all, you have to qualify for one and second, you need to correctly fill out the paperwork. People just think it’s just a W-7 form and that’s how you get an ITIN. And ITIN is called in individual tax identification number is issue to you as an individual, as a person.

You may also need to send or present proof of identity and foreign status documents along with your W-7 form. So it’s a good idea to find out what you need before applying. You can file via Form W-7 with your federal tax return during tax season between January and April or any time you have a reporting requirement. All Form W-7 applications, including renewals, must include a U.S. federal tax return unless you meet an exception to the filing requirement. Many applicants have reported the IRS lost their passports or other valuable and hard-to-replace identification documents.

An ITIN is a tax-processing number issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to identify taxpayers, including undocumented immigrants. Even though the basic process for obtaining an ITIN is fairly straightforward, IRS forms are notoriously confusing for citizens and foreign nationals alike. Moreover, the steps for obtaining an ITIN become slightly more complex when reporting U.S. taxes while living abroad.


It may take longer, especially during peak months like January and March. You should check the application status intermittently and contact the IRS if you haven’t heard from them after six weeks. Officials will verify your documents and accept your application for further processing. To get started, you have to send the documents along with Form W-7 to the nearest IRS office by courier.

Lastly, you should include all the documents asked for in Form W-7 or as instructed by IRS officials. Some of the items to include are your passport, National ID card, Foreign voter ID card, driver’s license, U.S. All documents should show your photo, name, address, expiration date, and DOB, and should be valid at the time of submission. An ITIN can sometimes be used for other purposes where your identification needs to be verified.

You will receive a letter from the IRS assigning your tax identification number usually within seven weeks if you qualify for an ITIN and your application is complete. An ITIN is issued to citizens who do not have an SSN so they can pay their taxes under national tax laws since an identification number is necessary for filing taxes. ITINs can be renewed using the same W-7 form you used to apply for the number in the first place. If you want to check the status of your ITIN application, you can call the IRS numbers listed above. ITINs can expire if they’re not used on a federal tax return at least once every three years.

Q17: How long will the return be delayed in processing, if it’s filed with an expired ITIN?

One of the most important aspects of tax filing is your taxpayer identification. If you have a social security number, that is your taxpayer ID. We’ll look at what freedoms an ITIN entitles you to, and what it doesn’t. As well as other purposes it can serve if you’ve recently arrived in the US. We’ll also look at the ITIN application process; what documents you’ll need, how much it will cost, and how long you can expect to wait. An Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) is a tax-processing number issued by the US International Revenue Service (IRS), offered to migrants still awaiting lawful status.

However, if you want your documents returned more quickly and securely than by the U.S. Postal Service, you can enclose a prepaid express mail envelope and benefits of online payroll accounting the IRS will use that to return your paperwork. It combines the difficulty of navigating complex laws with the challenge of understanding your finances.

How to Get an ITIN Number: An Easy Step-by-Step Guide

Taxpayers with an ITIN can complete the registration process to access their IRS online account, which provides balance due, payment history, payment plans, tax records, and more. If you’re a US citizen who regularly files taxes, you likely have a Social Security number. But if you’re a non-citizen, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) still expects you to report taxes every year — for which you’ll need an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN). As long as you qualify for a refund, and you have filed your taxes correctly, then yes. ITIN holders are no different from SSN holders when it comes to getting a tax refund.

Plus, people might also be able to use ITINs instead of SSNs as part of banking and credit applications. According to the IRS, an alien is defined as someone who is neither a U.S. citizen nor a U.S. national. But the IRS breaks that group down even further into resident and nonresident aliens. And they all may need to get an ITIN so they can follow tax laws and file federal tax returns. If questions 11 through 17 on Form SS-4 do not apply to the applicant because he has no U.S. tax return filing requirement, such questions should be annotated “N/A”. A foreign entity that completes Form SS-4 in the manner described above should be entered into IRS records as not having a filing requirement for any U.S. tax returns.